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MacPorts man port

PORT(1)                   BSD General Commands Manual                  PORT(1)

     port -- operate on individual or multiple Mac ports

     port [-vdqfonRusbckixpt] [-D portdir] [-F cmdfile] [action] [actionflags]
          [[portname | pseudo-portname | port-url]]
          [[@version] [+/-variant ...] ... [option=value ...]]

     port is designed to operate on individual or multiple Mac ports, option-
     ally within a single call, based on the requested action.  If no portdir
     or portname is specified, the current working directory is assumed; if no
     action is specified the port command enters interactive mode, in which
     commands are read via stdin. Batch commands may be passed via a cmdfile.
     Port options are passed as key=value pairs and take precedence over indi-
     vidual portname options as specified in its Portfile and system-wide set-

     Port variants can specified as +name, which indicates the variant is
     desired, or -name, indicating the contrary. In case of ambiguities, a
     port can be fully specified with the @version_revision+variants format.

     Installed ports can be activated or deactivated without being unin-
     stalled. A port can be installed if all other version/variant(s) combina-
     tions installed at any given moment are deactivated.

     The port command knows various pseudo-portnames that will expand to the
     specified set of ports from the available ports tree(s). These may be
     used in place of a portname.  Common options are:

           o   all: all the ports in each ports tree listed in sources.conf

           o   current: the port in the current working directory.

           o   active: set of installed and active ports.

           o   inactive: set of installed but inactive ports.

           o   installed: set of all installed ports.

           o   uninstalled: ports in the ports tree(s) that aren't installed.

           o   outdated: installed ports that are out of date with respect to
               their current version/revision in the ports tree(s)

     Other options, also known as pseudo-portname selectors, matching the most
     common keys used in a Portfile are also accepted, in both singular and
     plural form where applicable. These are:

           o   name
           o   version
           o   revision
           o   epoch
           o   variant
           o   variants
           o   category
           o   categories
           o   maintainer
           o   maintainers
           o   platform
           o   platforms
           o   description
           o   long_description
           o   homepage
           o   portdir

     Search strings that will expand to a set of matching ports can be con-
     structed based on the "pseudo-portname selector":regex combination used.
     portnames containing valid UNIX glob patterns will also expand to the set
     of matching ports. Any action passed to port will be invoked on each of
     them. For example:

           port list variant:no_ssl
           port uninstall name:sql
           port echo apache*

     Logical operators "and", "or", "not", "!", "(" and ")" may be used to
     combine individual portnames, port glob patterns and/or pseudo-portnames
     to construct complex port expressions that expand to the set of matching
     ports. For example:

           port upgrade installed and apache*
           port echo maintainer:jberry and uninstalled and \( category:java
           and not commons* \)

     The port command also recognizes several command line flags and targets:

     -v       verbose mode (generate verbose messages)

     -d       debug mode (generate debugging messages, implies -v)

     -q       quiet mode (suppress messages)

     -n       don't follow dependencies in upgrade (only for upgrading)

     -R       also upgrade dependents (only for upgrading)

     -u       uninstall non-active ports when upgrading and uninstalling

     -f       force mode (ignore state file)

     -o       honor state files older than Portfile

     -s       source-only mode (build and install from source, ignore all
              binary archives, do not create/recreate binary archives) (only
              applies when archive mode is enabled)

     -b       binary-only mode (build and install from binary archives, ignore
              source, abort if no archive present; do not create/recreate
              binary archives from source) (only applies when archive mode is

     -c       autoclean mode (execute clean after install)

     -k       keep mode (don't autoclean after install)

     -D       specify portdir

     -F       Read and process the file of commands specified by the argument.
              If the argument is '-', then read commands from stdin. If the
              option is given multiple times, then multiple files will be

     -i       Read commands from stdin. Short for -F -

     -x       In batch and interactive mode, exit on the first error encoun-
              tered. Otherwise, errors during batch execution are simply

     -p       Despite any errors encountered, proceed to process multiple
              ports and commands.

     -t       enable trace mode debug facilities on platforms that support it
              (Mac OS X). This feature is two-folded. It consists in automati-
              cally detecting and reporting undeclared dependencies based on
              what files the port reads or what programs the port executes. In
              verbose mode, it will also report unused dependencies for each
              stage of the port installation. It also consists in forbidding
              and reporting file creation and file writes outside allowed
              directories (temporary directories and ${workpath}).

     Targets most commonly used by regular MacPorts users are:

     Search for an available port whose name matches a regular expression. For

           port search vim

     Displays all the meta-information available for portname.  Specific meta-
     information may be requested through an option such as --maintainer or
     --category (recognized field names are those from the PortIndex). If the
     global option -q is in effect, the meta-info fields will not be labeled.
     If the option --line is provided, all such data will be consolidated into
     a single line per port, suitable for processing in a pipe of commands.
     If the option --index is provided, the information will be pulled from
     the PortIndex rather than from the Portfile (in this case variant infor-
     mation, such as dependencies, will not affect the output).

     For example:
           port info vim +ruby
           port info --category --name apache*
           port -q info --category --name --version category:java
           port info --line --category --name all
           port info --index python24

     Lists the build variants available for portname.

     Lists the other ports that are required to build and run portname.

     Lists the installed ports that depend on the port portname.

     Install and activate portname.

     Deactivate and uninstall portname.  To uninstall all installed but inac-
     tive ports, use -u.  For example:

           port uninstall vim
           port -u uninstall

     Activate the installed portname.

     Deactivate the installed portname.

     List all installed ports.

     Print the install location of a given port.

     Lists the files installed by portname.

     Determines which port owns a given file and can take either a relative or
     absolute path. For example:

           port provides /opt/local/etc/irssi.conf
           port provides include/tiff.h

     Performs a sync operation only on the ports tree of a MacPorts installa-
     tion, pulling in the latest revision available of the Portfiles from the
     MacPorts rsync server. To update you would normally do:

           sudo port -d sync

     If any of the ports tree(s) uses a file: URL that points to a local sub-
     version working copy, sync will perform an svn update on the working copy
     with the user set to the owner of the working copy.

     List the installed ports that need upgrading.

     The upgrade target works on a port and its dependencies. If you want to
     change this behaviour, look at the switches for n (no dependencies) and R
     (dependents) below.

     Upgrade the installed portname.  For example:

           port upgrade vim

     To upgrade all installed ports:

           port upgrade installed

     To upgrade portname and the ports that depend on it:

           port -R upgrade libiconv

     To force an upgrade (rebuild) use:

           port -f upgrade vim

     To upgrade portname without following its dependencies, use -n.  For

           port -n upgrade ethereal

     Clean the files used for building portname.  To just remove the work
     files, use the --work actionflag.  To remove the distribution files (tar-
     balls, etc), specify --dist.  To remove the archive(s) for the current
     version of a port, pass --archive.  To remove the work files, distribu-
     tion files and archives, pass --all.  For example:

           port clean --dist vim
           port clean --archive vim

     To remove only certain version(s) of a port's archives ( version is any
     valid UNIX glob pattern), you can use:

           port clean --archive vim 6.2.114


           port clean --archive vim '6.*'

     Writes to stdout the arguments passed to port.  This follows the expan-
     sion of pseudo-portnames, portname glob patterns, pseudo-portname
     selectors and the evaluation of port expressions.  echo may be used to
     determine the exact set of ports to which a given string of arguments
     will expand, without performing any further operations on them. For exam-

           port echo category:net
           port echo maintainer:jmpp and name:netw
           port echo maintainer:jmpp and \( net* or category:text \)

     If no argument is given, display a list of the the latest version of all
     available ports.  If portname(s) are given as arguments, display a list
     of the latest version of each port.

     Display the release number of the installed MacPorts infrastructure.

     Updates the MacPorts system, ports tree(s) and base tools if needed, from
     the MacPorts rsync server, installing the newest infrastructure avail-
     able. To update you would typically do:

           sudo port -d selfupdate

     See sync for more information about updating ports tree(s).

     Displays a summary of all available actions and port command syntax on

     The targets that are often used by Port developers are intended to pro-
     vide access to the different phases of a Port's build process:

     Displays the path to the directory containing portname.

     Displays the path to the Portfile for portname.

     Concatenates and prints the contents of Portfile on stdout.

     Opens Portfile with your default editor specified in your shell's envi-
     ronment variable. Alias ed also invokes this command.

     Unpack the port from a pre-built binary archive. When archive mode is
     enabled, this command is called automatically, prior to fetch, to check
     for an existing binary archive to unpack. If found, it is unpacked and
     all stages up to install are then skipped.

     Fetches the distribution files required to build portname.

     Compute the checksums of the distribution files for portname, and compare
     them to the checksums listed in Portfile.

     Extracts the distribution files for portname.

     Applies any required patches to portname's extracted distribution files.

     Runs any configure process for portname.

     Build portname.

     Installs portname to a temporary directory.

     Tests portname.

     Verifies Portfile for portname.

     Archive the port for a later unarchive.  When archive mode is enabled,
     binary archives will be created automatically whenever an install is per-
     formed, or when the archive target is called explicitly.

     Check if the distfiles haven't changed and can be fetched.

     Check if the software hasn't been updated since the Portfile was last

     There are also targets for producing installable packages of ports:

     Creates an OS X installer package of portname.

     Creates an OS X installer metapackage of portname and its dependencies.

     Creates an internet-enabled disk image containing an OS X package of

     Creates an internet-enabled disk image containing an OS X metapackage of
     portname and its dependencies.

     Creates an RPM binary package of portname, similar to a tgz "archive".

     Creates a SRPM source package of portname, similar to a xar "portpkg".

     Creates a DEB binary package of portname.

     The following demonstrates invoking port with the extract target on
     portdir "textproc/figlet" and extract.suffix set to ".tgz":

           port extract -D textproc/figlet extract.suffix=.tgz

       Global configuration file for the MacPorts system.

       Global listing of the ports trees used by MacPorts. This file also
       enables rsync synchronization.

       Global variants used when a port is installed.

       User configuration file for the MacPorts system. It overrides the
       global macports.conf file.

     The port utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.

     macports.conf(5), portfile(7), portgroup(7), portstyle(7), porthier(7)

     Landon Fuller 
     James Berry 
     Jordan K. Hubbard 
     Juan Manuel Palacios 
     Kevin Van Vechten 
     Ole Guldberg Jensen 
     Robert Shaw 
     Chris Ridd 
     Matt Anton 
     Joe Auty 

BSD                             April 29, 2007                             BSD